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Craft Sectors

 

Bricklaying

The bricklayer works internally and externally on commercial and residential projects, including the homes of customers and on building sites, in all weather conditions on small and major projects. He or she will interpret drawings, set out and measure, construct and finish to a high standard.

Work organisation and self-management, communication and interpersonal skills, problem solving, innovation and creativity, working accurately are the universal attributes of the bricklayer. Whether working alone or in a team a bricklayer takes on a high level of personal responsibility and autonomy.


From working safely and tidily with stamina and endurance through to planning and scheduling, accuracy and attention to detail to achieve an excellent finish are all aspects of the role of to-days bricklayers.

With the international mobility of people the bricklayer faces rapidly expanding opportunities and challenges. For the talented bricklayer there are many commercial and international opportunities; however these carry with them the need to understand and work with diverse cultures and trends. The diversity of skills associated with bricklaying is therefore likely to expand.
 

Cabinetmaking

Cabinetmaking covers the manufacture of free-standing and built-in furniture and units, using wood as the sole or main material. It may include the design of furniture, but normally comprises the creation of furniture and units from designs prepared by others. Cabinetmaking differs from other wood trades mainly due to the quality of the wood and associated materials used, and the intricacy and aesthetic quality of the finished items.

A cabinetmaker generally works on commercial and residential assignments of a high quality and value normally produced in a workshop until installation is required.

The cabinetmaker will produce, interpret and/or adapt drawings, set out and measure, cut, form joints, assemble, install if need be, and finish to a high standard.

Work organisation and self-management, communication and interpersonal skills, problem solving, innovation and creativity, working precisely and accurately are the attributes of the cabinetmaker. He or she assumes a high level of personal responsibility and autonomy. From working safely through to exceptional planning, accuracy, concentration and attention to detail to achieve an excellent finish every step in the process matters and mistakes are largely irreversible and very costly.

Modern technology and mass production have enabled furniture and fittings, previously available only to the wealthy, to be more widely available. However, for those with an eye for quality, the cabinetmaker is able to produce furniture and fittings that are a lasting pleasure both to use and to look at. In this market the outstanding cabinetmaker will always be in demand.

Carpentry

The carpenter works internally and externally, including in the homes of customers and on building sites in all weather conditions. He or she will interpret drawings, set out and measure, cut, form joints, assemble, install and finish to a high standard.

The carpenter’s work includes:

Wooden floors, walls and roof systems, stairs, interior and exterior finishes, doors, windows and other finishing components like trim and moulding which must be finished with great precision.
The carpenter can also construct forms for poured concrete, walls and roof systems on larger industrial construction projects.

Organisational skills, self-management, communication and interpersonal skills, problem solving, innovation and creativity, and working precisely and accurately, are the attributes of the carpenter. Whether the carpenter is working alone or in a team the individual takes on a high level of personal responsibility and autonomy.

A carpenter usually receives his or her training by working as an apprentice with a more experienced professional. Training normally includes using hand and power tools; doing rough and finish carpentry work; learning how more intricate jobs are completed, and the importance of accuracy.

Joinery

A joiner generally works on commercial and residential projects. Joinery is closely associated with cabinet making and carpentry plus other parts of the construction industry.

The joiner is usually based in a workshop because the formation of various joints requires specialist machinery, but sometimes undertakes installations in the homes of customers and on building sites.
He or she will produce and interpret drawings, set out and measure, cut, form joints, assemble, install and finish to a high standard. The joiner usually produces items such as interior and exterior doors, windows, stairs, tables and bookshelves.

Work organisation and self-management, communication and interpersonal skills, problem solving, innovation and creativity, working precisely and accurately are the attributes of the joiner.

Whether the joiner is working alone or in a team the individual takes on a high level of personal responsibility and autonomy. From working safely through to exceptional planning and organising, accuracy, concentration and attention to detail to achieve an excellent finish, every step in the process matters.


Painting and Decorating

The painter and decorator works’ internally and externally in very diverse environments, for example in commercial businesses, factories, schools, hotels, the homes of clients and on building sites in all weather conditions, They are responsible for the external and internal appearance of a building and its protection from the elements.

He or she may offer a range of services, including interpreting client requirements/drawings, advising on designs/colours, painting, spraying, decorative coatings, wallpapering, gilding and sign writing all to a high standard.

Work organisation and self-management, communication and interpersonal skills, problem solving, innovation, creativity, and the ability to prepare surfaces thoroughly with meticulous care and work accurately are the attributes of the painter and decorator. In a mobile labour market, the painter and decorator may work in teams, or alone, or in both from time to time.

Whatever the structure of the work, the trained and experienced painter and decorator takes on a high level of personal responsibility and autonomy. From carefully determining the requirements of the client, working safely and tidily, exceptional planning and scheduling, precision and attention to detail to the fine gilding of objects and finishing of furniture.

For the talented painter and decorator there are many commercial and international opportunities; however these carry with them the need to understand and work with diverse cultures, trends and fashions. The diversity of skills associated with painting and decorating is therefore likely to expand.

Plastering and Drywall Systems

The skilled plasterer may work on both internal and external plastering and rendering work. Much modern internal work is completed using drywall systems which involve the plasterer creating metal frames and installing plasterboard before the application on the final surface. These constructions can be complex and include curves and openings for doors and windows.

Traditional plastering involves the preparation of the background prior to application of the plaster surface. The plasterer will prepare materials for use and be fully aware of the preparation and use of materials. In addition to plastering flat surfaces, the skilled plasterer will create and install decorative mouldings. Plasterers will also be required to make repairs to existing surfaces or decorative mouldings.

The plasterer may work on large construction sites for domestic, commercial or industrial use, in single domestic and commercial premises or on historic buildings and heritage sites. Much plastering work on larger sites is sub-contracted and as such many skilled plasterers will be self-employed, meaning that they have to take responsibility for their earnings and any related regulations.

A high degree of accuracy, care and skill is required. Preparation for plastering work will include complex mathematical calculations. The practitioner needs to be able to read, interpret and analyse complex specifications describing the work required and be able to convert these plans into reality.

A range of materials can be used depending on the site and the planned use of the finished building. Some materials can be harmful, so care must always be taken by the plasterer to prevent injury or damage in use or disposal of waste.

Plasterers often form part of a team, working efficiently and effectively with other skilled craftsmen in a logical and well planned manner.

Wall and Floor Tiling

The wall and floor tiler works internally and externally, including in the homes of customers and on building sites, in all weather conditions and on small and major projects. The work includes the laying of tiles of ceramics, mosaic and natural stone on walls, floors and staircases in houses, commercial, industrial and public buildings, churches, swimming pools, outside installations and fa├žades to provide protective and decorative finishes. It also includes the construction of small walls and steps from bricks or blocks.

The wall and floor tiler will interpret drawings, set out and measure, prepare surfaces, lay the tiles in the desired pattern, grout and finish to a high standard. Work organisation and self-management, communication and interpersonal skills, problem solving, innovation and creativity, and working accurately are the attributes of the wall and floor tiler.

Whether they are working alone (many are self-employed or sub-contractors) or in a team on large projects, the individual takes on a high level of personal responsibility and autonomy. Experienced tilers may also specialise in one area of work such as mosaics and they can work for specialist tiling firms specializing for example in artistic work or competition swimming pools.

From working safely and tidily through to exceptional planning and scheduling, concentration, precision, accuracy and attention to detail to achieve an excellent finish, every step in the process is important.